Despite almost trebling in the decade ending 2010 -- from 5.2 per cent to 13.8 percent -- the rate of Muslim enrolment in higher education trailed the national figure of 23.6 per cent, other backward classes (22.1 per cent) and scheduled castes (18.5 per cent). Scheduled tribes lagged Muslims by 0.5 per cent.
It has as many people as Punjab, and its people are three times poorer. But Narendra Modi became the first prime minister to visit Mozambique in 34 years because the impoverished South African country has something every Indian wants.
Dal. Or Pulses.
India -- the world's leading producer of pulses, with 22 per cent of global output --signed a contract to import 100,000 tonnes of pulses from Mozambique in 2016-17, doubling to two lakh tonnes by 2020-21. That would still be no more than two per cent of 2015-16 imports and 0.5 per cent of what Indian farms grow.
The Indian government has done well to airlift out nationals stranded in South Sudan. Operation Sankat Mochan, co-powered by the ministry of external affairs (MEA) and the Indian Air Force (IAF), demonstrated a decisive ability. Decisive because in a similar situation, when Indians expected comparable assistance, the then Manmohan Singh government waffled.
The world's fastest-growing economy, on course to become the world's third largest by 2030 with a gross domestic product (GDP) of $7.3 trillion, India continues to trail smaller South Asian neighbours - in some instances, Pakistan and Bangladesh - on several social indicators.
India's per capita GDP of $5,238 in 2013 was 65 per cent lower than Iran, 54 per cent lower than Maldives ($11,283), 44 per cent lower than Sri Lanka ($9,426) and 27 per cent lower than Bhutan ($7,167), according to the Human Development Report 2015.
The monsoon has currently dissipated intense heat across India's growing cities, but temperatures are rising and will continue to climb because of the way urban areas are expanding.
With trees, lakes and open spaces replaced by roads, expanses of concrete with closely spaced multi-storeyed buildings - often in violation of zoning and setback laws - Indian cities are turning into "heat islands", according to an IndiaSpend review of scientific studies in five cities.
Before we dwell on Bangladesh's current travails, the good news. It is the only double distilled entity to emerge from Partition. Armed with Bengali nationalism, it shuffled itself out of the Islamic identity the authors of Partition had imposed on the people. It is, therefore, a tough resilient society.
In the prosperous district of Kannur in one of India's most prosperous states, Kerala, Eramangalathu Chitralekha, 39, was the first Dalit woman to drive an autorickshaw in 2005. Her new profession immediately angered the upper castes, who taunted her and threatened violence. One day, that year, her autorickshaw was set ablaze. In 2013, it was damaged beyond repair. The district collector gifted her a new autorickshaw in June 2014, but on March 4, 2016, it was destroyed again.
It has taken two years but, finally, Narendra Modi appears to have found his feet. In a recent interview, he demonstrated his grip on the situation by covering wide areas of national and international affairs. The earlier silences on crucial issues such as the rampages of saffron mobs and the snide attacks on selected targets by self-appointed saviours of the nation are no longer in evidence.