Mumbai: There are about 12 million to 14 million kirana shops -- family-run corner-shops/mom-and-pop or convenience stores selling groceries and other products -- across India (according to a 2015 report by PricewaterhouseCoopers, a consultancy, with India Retail Forum), and they are vulnerable to losses from 'notebandi -- as demonetisation is called colloquially. A population, roughly speaking, equivalent to that of France or Thailand, depends on these stores for a living.
Reading and some math skills of Madhya Pradesh students are among India's lowest, the transition rate to higher classes is lower than the national average, a majority of classrooms are shared by students of different grades, and government elementary schools are 17.6 per cent short of school teachers, according an analysis of various government data.
8 नवंबर को प्रधानमंत्री द्वारा नोटबंदी की घोषणा के बाद से इस पर लगातार विश्लेशणों का दौर जारी है । गरीब इस देश का या समाज की सबसे निचले स्तर की ईकाई है । देश में कोई भी योजना बनायी जाए तो उसमें इस बात का ध्यान रखा जाना चाहिए कि गरीबों पर इसका क्या असर होगा ? जब हम किसी योजना की सफलता का विश्लेषण करें तो इस बात का ध्यान जरुर रखें कि इससे गरीबों के जीवन पर क्या प्रभाव पड़ा।
Eighteen 18 per cent positions of teachers in government-run primary schools and 15 per cent in secondary schools are vacant nationwide, according to data tabled in the Lok Sabha by the Human Resources Development Minister on December 5, 2016.
Put another way, one in six teaching positions in government schools is vacant, a collective shortage of a million teachers.
Is India doing enough to detect fake notes, cited by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi as a significant reason for withdrawing 86 per cent of India's currency, a process popularly known as 'demonetisation'?
Apparently not. In 2015-16, only 16 of every 250 fake notes were detected, according to an IndiaSpend analysis of government data.